Gulf Labour Markets, Migration, and Population (GLMM) Programme

An international independent, non-partisan, non-profit joint programme of a major Gulf think tank and a globally renowned academic migration centre.
The programme provides data, analyses, and recommendations contributing to the improvement of understanding and management of
Gulf labour migration, population, and labour markets, engaging with and respecting the viewpoints of all stakeholder.

GCC: National and non-national populations by aggregated age groups in GCC countries (national statistics, 2005-2016)

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    age Nationals Non-nationals Total population % non-nationals
Country date/ period  group numbers % numbers % numbers % in each age group
Bahrain (1) Mid-2016 0-14 211,874 32 71,813 9 283,687 20 25
  15-64 422,994 64 680,427 90 1,103,421 78 62
  65+ 29,839 4 6,779 1 36,618 3 19
Kuwait (2) December 2016 0-14 480,094 36 408,050 13 888,144 20 46
  15-64 806,322 60 2,624,081 85 3,430,403 78 76
  65+ 51,277 4 41,300 1 92,577 2 45
Oman(3) Mid-2016 0-14 877,433 36 89,451 5 966,884 22 9
  15-64 1,446,377 60 1,888,594 95 3,334,971 76 57
  65+ 104,015 4 8,181 0 112,196 3 7
Qatar (4) April 2010 0-14 96,811 40 135,773 9 232,584 14 58
  15-64 138,915 57 1,314,119 90 1,453,034 86 90
  65+ 7,347 3 6,471 0 13,818 1 47
Saudi Arabia (5) May 2016 0-14 6,090,383 30 1,774,545 15 7,864,928 25 23
  15-64 13,136,142 65 9,713,712 83 22,849,854 72 43
  65+ 838,445 4 189,081 2 1,027,526 3 18
United Arab Emirates (6) December 2005 0-14 313,872 38 486,699 15 800,571 20 61
  15-64 488,592 59 2,780,314 85 3,268,906 80 85
  65+ 21,708 3 13,919 0 35,627 1 39
GCC Total* 0-14 8,070,467 32 2,966,331 13 11,036,798 23 27
15-64 16,439,342 64 19,001,247 85 35,440,589 74 54
65+ 1,052,631 4 265,731 1 1,318,362 3 20

Sources: national institutes of statistics, latest year or period available as of 20 April 2017.
* Total provides the sum of population numbers at different dates. It is not exactly the total population at any of these dates.

1- Definition:
Non-nationals are:
1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state (stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;
2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.

2- Sources of data:
(1) Bahrain Central Informatics Organisation (CIO), Open data portal, Statistical Abstracts, “Population 2016” section http://www.data.gov.bh/en/ResourceCenter
(2) Kuwait Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), “Population” Bulletin 2016, 31 December 2016
(3) National Centre for Statistical Information (NCSI), Bulletin of Population Statistics n°5, 2015
(4) Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA), Census 2010; http://gulfmigration.eu/population-aged-15-years-and-above-by-sex-10-years-age-groups-and-nationality-qatari-non-qatari-and-total-population-by-sex-and-5-years-age-groups-2010/
(5) Saudi Arabia General Authority for Statistics (GAStats), Demographic Survey 2016
(6) UAE National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Census 2005.

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