Gulf Labour Markets and Migration
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GLMM Database - Demographic and Economic Database

Percentage of non-nationals in government sector and in private and other sectors in GCC countries (national statistics, 2009-2012)

Public sector Private sector % Non-nationals
Country date/ period Total population non-nationals Total population non-nationals Public sector Private and other sectors
Bahrain (1) AprilĀ  2010 106,273 32,137 594,530 491,903 30.2 82.7
Kuwait (2) December 2012 429,453 125,815 1,821,822 1,738,376 29.3 95.4
Oman (3) End 2011 184,450 25,182 1,289,031 1,114,590 13.7 86.5
Qatar (4) AprilĀ  2010 139,922 78,559 1,128,213 1,118,500 56.1 99.1
Saudi Arabia (5) August 2009 2,796,212 135,691 5,351,780 4,174,333 4.9 78.0
United Arab Emirates n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Total 3,656,310 397,384 10,185,376 8,637,702 10.9 84.8

Sources: national institutes of statistics, latest year available.


1- Definition:

Non-nationals are:

1- persons bearing nationality of a foreign State other than the GCC State of residence, or bearing no proof of nationality from any given state (stateless persons and holders of refugee status and travel document in a third country) ;

2- Holders of residence permit residing in the given GCC country at date of census, as per definition of residence used in each of the countries.


Employment refers to a person aged 15 years and above who during the reference period:

- worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind

- worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind


The “private and other sectors” includes the sector of domestic services and the mixed sector.


2- Sources of data:

(1) Bahrain Central Informatics Organisation (CIO), Census 2010;

(2) Kuwait Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI), Dec. 2012;

(3) National Centre for Statistical Information (NCSI), Statistical Yearbook 2012

(4) Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA), Census 2010;

(5) Saudi Arabia Central Department for Statistics and Information (CDSI), Labor Force Survey 2009,


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