Gulf Labour Markets and Migration

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Qatar: Economically active population aged 15 and above by nationality (Qatari/ non-Qatari), sex and occupation (2015)

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Qatari Non-Qatari Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
Legislators, Senior Officials And Managers 7,925 1,941 9,866 29,651 4,546 34,197 37,576 6,487 44,063
Professionals 13,505 15,709 29,214 103,542 36,625 140,167 117,047 52,334 169,381
Technicians And Associate Professionals 10,659 4,444 15,103 74,695 12,719 87,414 85,354 17,163 102,517
Clerks 14,798 9,488 24,286 55,979 16,017 71,996 70,777 25,505 96,282
Service Workers And Shop And Market Sales Workers 4,760 2,204 6,964 136,736 39,732 176,468 141,496 41,936 183,432
Skilled Agricultural And Fishery Workers 0 0 0 24,334 0 24,334 24,334 0 24,334
Craft And Related Trades Workers 5,826 0 5,826 662,478 701 663,179 668,304 701 669,005
Plant And Machine Operators And Assemblers 1,482 0 1,482 292,167 1,496 293,663 293,649 1,496 295,145
Elementary Occupations 5,186 536 5,722 249,136 114,611 363,747 254,322 115,147 369,469
Total 64,141 34,322 98,463 1,628,718 226,447 1,855,165 1,692,859 260,769 1,953,628

Source: Annual Bulletin of Labor Force Sample survey 2015

1. Technical Notes and Definitions

The data is taken from 2015 Labour Force Survey (yearly synthesis)
Sampling frame of LFS 2015: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 44,756 persons, in 6,953  households: 1- Qatari households; 2- Non-Qatari regular (non-collective) households;
Data Collection: The sample was divided into equal parts to collect data monthly.  Each month 1/3 of the quarterly data were collected during the first two weeks of the month.
Reference period for the labour force data: the week prior to data collection day.
Population of reference: all Qatari and non-Qatari households present in Qatar on the night of survey, living in normal and collective households.
The collective households are a group of persons not related to each other and sharing living conditions in a residential unit, I.e. labour camps, students living boarding schools, nurses in hospitals… etc. The survey covered the small collective households (includes less than 7 persons) and large collective households (includes 7 persons or more).
The survey did not cover short periods accommodation, i.e. hotels.

Relation to labour force (for persons aged 15 and above)
In the labour force (= economically active).
1) Employed.
All persons aged 15 years an above, who during the week preceding the survey:
a) Perform a work for a wage, salary, profits or household gains, whether it was in cash or in kind.
b) Are temporarily not employed, however, they still have an official relation with their work
2) Unemployed.
All persons aged 15 years and over who were, during the week preceding the survey, without employment, willing to work and looking seriously for a job.
There is a distinction between two kinds of unemployed persons:
a) First time unemployed: They are the persons who never worked previously, and were during the week preceding the survey looking actively for work.
b) Unemployed who previously worked: They are the persons with a work experience, who during the week preceding the survey were actively looking for a job

Outside the labour force (=economically inactive):
Full-time student: The person (15 years or older) enrolled in any educational institution as a full-time persistent student with purpose of attaining an academic degree, irrespective of whether the schooling hours are in the morning or evening. Any trainee enrolled in vocational training institutes is regarded as a full-time student.
Full-time housewife: The female (15 years or older) who is fully engaged in home management and family care, and does not practice any other work
Retired: The person who does not look for a job during the week preceding the survey and gets a fixed pension for work he/she had joined before
Disabled: The person (15 years or older) who is not capable of work due to illness, handicap or old age.
Others: Those able to work but not willing to, not enrolled in education, as well as any other cases encountered by the enumerator other than the above mentioned.

Figures do not include persons seeking work for the first time

2. Institution which provides data

Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics

3. Data availability

The Statistics Authority conducted the first labour Force Sample Survey in 2001. Starting from 2006, the execution of these surveys came to be on annual basis. Quarterly publications of Labour Force Surveys’ data are also available since 2012.
2015′ and earlier Labour Force Surveys can be downloaded from MDPS’s website, in PDF and Excel format:
See also Qatar Information Exchange for earlier Labour Force Surveys. QIX has also an interactive data base compiling data on the labour force taken from available surveys:

Last date of access: February 2017.

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