Gulf Labour Markets and Migration
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GLMM Database - Demographic and Economic Database

Saudi Arabia: Total employed population (aged 15 and above) by nationality (Saudi / Non-Saudi), sex and labour regulation applied (governmental, private sector, domestic labour) (2017)

Saudis Non-Saudis Total
Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females Total
1. Civil Service (public sector) 704,183 477,508 1,181,691 26,964 24,040 51,004 731,147 501,548 1,232,695
2. Social Insurance (private sector) 1,376,418 605,737 1,982,155 7,741,863 211,755 7,953,618 9,118,281 817,492 9,935,773
Total 2,080,601 1,083,245 3,163,846 7,768,827 235,795 8,004,622 9,849,428 1,319,040 11,168,468
3. Domestic labour 0 0 0 1,673,336 739,337 2,412,673 1,673,336 739,337 2,412,673
Grand total 2,080,601 1,083,245 3,163,846 9,442,163 975,132 10,417,295 11,522,764 2,058,377 13,581,141

Source: GOSI, MCS and MLSD records, in Labour Force Survey 2017 (Q4), GAStat.  
1. Technical Notes and Definitions

Since 2016, Labour Force Surveys are conducted quarterly.
Sampling frame: Population Census 2010.
Sample size: 33,500 households
Population of reference: All the members of the households selected in the sample, including domestic helpers and the like who live in one house; Saudi and non-Saudi population,  living in the Kingdom at the time of the survey.
Period of reference: Q4, 2017

Since Q3 2016, instead of survey results, the Labour Force Surveys’ publications display administrative data: the records of Saudi and foreign labourers covered by social security schemes
(private and governmental sectors), and Ministry of Labour’s records of domestic labourers.
1. Labourers in the governmental sector are recorded by the Ministry of Civil Service.
2. The Social Insurance Law of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has become compulsorily applied to all Saudi workers in the private sector
of any other GCC Member State effective from 01/01/2006. Saudi and foreign workers in the sector have to be recorded by the General Organization for Social Insurance (GOSI).
3. Since 2017, the Ministry of Labour and Social Development records all labourers in the domestic sector.

Therefore, data presented here may differ from the concerned ministries’ records of actual employment. 
.Moreover, the present data do not include employees in the security and military sectors and employed persons non-registered in the records of GOSI and MCS
2. Institution which provides data 

General Authority for Statistics (GAStat), Saudi Arabia

3. Data availability 

CDSI’s, and later GAStat’s Labour Force Surveys are available online on GAStat’s website since 1999:
The present data is taken from Labour Force Survey 2017 (Q4) (PDF and Excel formats).

Last date of access: July 2018.

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